It's important to choose the right dog breed for your climate. When it comes to heat tolerance, all dog breeds are different. Although all dogs can live in tropical or warm climate with proper care and prevention, there are some breeds can tolerate hot climate better than others. In general, dog breeds with flat faces and short snouts such as Pug or French Bulldog do not handle the hot weather well as they have a lot of flesh in their mouth and throat which makes panting not as effective as other breeds. Known as Brachycephalic dogs, those breeds with short snouts and flat faces are much more susceptible to heat stroke. Unlike humans, dogs need to be able to pant in order to eliminate their body heat - and this is how they “sweat”. Exercise need is another factor to consider. According to Dr. Steven Ellis, dogs that do not require a lot of exercises can perform better in a warm climate. Meanwhile, the fur also determines the heat tolerance of a dog. Dogs with short coats, in general, fair best in warmer areas. Malaysia's climate can be classified as a tropical climate with high temperatures and rainfall all year round. Here is the list of the dog breeds that are best suited for Malaysia's weather.
Originated in Germany, the Schnauzers come in three sizes: Miniature, Standard and Giant. They were originally bred to be guard dogs, ratters and all-purpose dogs on German farms. Energetic and protective, the Schnauzers are known for bushy beards and eyebrows and soulful eyes. This breed has a double coat; The outer coat is wiry and the undercoat is soft. Their natural coats protect them from sunburn, and of course, provide warmth in the winter as well.
Poodles are one of the smartest dog breeds. The name “poodle” is derived from the German word pudel, meaning "to splash in water". Like Schnauzers, this breed comes in three size varieties, including Toy, Standard and Miniature. The Standard Poodle is the oldest of the three sizes, according to American Kennel Club. This breed is believed to have originated in Germany and was used in water retrieval. The poodles are affectionate companion pets who participate in a variety of sports. More than their beauties, they are known to be loyal and they are excellent pets for small living spaces. Poodles are ideal for allergy sufferers as they shed little to no hair. They require minimal exercise, making them a great option for dog lovers who live in warm climates.
Originated in the early 1800s in England, the Beagles were bred to trail and hunt rabbits. They have a great sense of smell and superior tracking instinct - that's why they are commonly used as quarantine detection dogs. Conveniently-sized and easy-to-groom, the Beagles are extremely friendly with people and other dogs. They appear in a range of colours, including the familiar tri-colours (white with large black areas and light brown shading) and two colours (tan and white is the most common two-color variety). Their short easy-care coat makes them ideal for warm weather.
Originated in the warm climates of Mexico, Chihuahuas are ideal for warm weather. Despite their small stature, Chihuahuas are also known for huge personalities. Graceful, charming and sassy, this breed has alert, big ears and big moist eyes. They come in a wide variety of colours, including black, white, tan, silver and chestnut. Intelligent and courageous, they enjoy affection and do well in apartments. They require minimal grooming and exercise.
Affectionately called Goldies, the Golden Retrievers originated in the Highlands of Scotland. This breed is one of the most loving and beloved of all canine breeds. Known for their sweet, loyal and intelligent personalities, the Goldies excel as family companions and hunting partners. They are gentle, cheerful and friendly. They have an instinctive love of water. Their long coats are made up of two parts: the outer coat and the undercoat. These two layers worked together to protect the skin from sunburn and cold weather.
Known as the Lab, St. John's dog or Lesser Newfoundland, Labrador Retrievers originated in Newfoundland. This breed is a do-it-all kind of dog. The Labs were bred to help fisherman haul full nets to shore. Thet can be found in assistance and guide dog programmes, search and rescue works and substance detection. Happy, easy-going and friendly, they are great family companions that can thrive in both hot and cold weather. Their short and water-resistant coats make them ideal for water activities and warm weather.
Known as mixed-breed dogs or mutts, the Mongrels are perfectly ideal for the weather and environment of Malaysia. They have already got used to Malaysia's hot and humid climate. Typically, mixed-breed dogs are on average, longer lived than most purebred dogs, according to The Happy Puppy Site. Most mixed-breed dogs have good genetic diversity.